Treating and Managing Melasma

While melasma isn’t painful and doesn’t present any health risks, it can cause significant emotional distress. Melasma can be difficult to treat, and there’s a lot of misinformation about what causes it.

You’re more likely to get melasma if you have a darker skin type because your skin naturally has more active pigment-producing cells, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Melasma appears when these cells become hyperactive and produce too much pigment in certain areas of the skin. The mechanism is similar to what causes brown age spots and freckles, but melasma patches tend to be larger.

Melasma is more common in women, but it can also affect men. It may have a genetic component, as it often runs in families.


Fluctuations in certain hormones can cause melasma, which is why it commonly occurs during pregnancy. Melasma may also occur when you either start or stop hormonal contraception, including birth control pills, or when you take hormone replacement therapy.

Sun exposure

The sun is the big culprit in triggering melasma – the sun is the major exacerbating factor, whatever the underlying cause. Melasma can be caused or worsened by not only the sun’s rays, but also heat and visible light. Even sunscreens that protect against skin cancer aren’t enough to ward off melasma which makes treating melasma a challenge, particularly in summer.

Treating melasma

The first step in treating melasma is confirming that your darkened skin patches are indeed melasma, and determining what’s causing it. Treating melasma is unlikely to be effective if the underlying cause isn’t addressed. Oral treatments that now exist for severe cases of melasma can be pointless if there are still triggers in place.

It takes a thorough medical history to find out what’s causing the melasma. If a hormonal contraceptive is causing the problem, a woman might consider switching to a nonhormonal option, such as a copper intrauterine device.

SKYN® Solution

Laser toning is a unique treatment for Melasma and Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation as it uses the laser energy to reduce visible pigmentation by breaking down melanin molecules naturally, allowing your immune system to remove them. For more information: Spectra Laser Skin Toning

A series of Solari IPL treatments effectively decreases the appearance of sun spots and superficial blood vessels. For more information: Solari IPL

Fractional laser technology refreshes skin from the inside out.

For more information click here: Clear + Brilliant

This medical-grade exfoliation sloughs away the top layer of skin, helping to improve the superficial appearance of the skin.

For more information: MD Microdermabrasion

A series of “lunchtime” peels lighten hyperpigmented skin and smooth skin texture.

For more information click here: ZO Stimulator Peel

Ready to get started?

For a consultation, or to book in for a treatment, call SKYN 08 9389 9022 or book online.